عنوان مقاله [English]
Peace and peaceful coexistence both were among the most important purposes of Prophets, specially Prophet Mohammad who, besides singing some brotherhood pacts with Muslim tribes and the communities as well as the Migrants and Helpers, he also concluded some pacts with the Christian and Jewish communities to consolidate the newly established state in Medina. In the Quran, not only peace and peaceful coexistence do not depend on the ideology, but also Muslims can have constructive relations with different nations; even with the unbeliever groups. Accordingly to Imam Khomeini, invited all groups to peace. From his perspective, victory, authority, independence and prosperity would be the result of unity and solidarity of all groups, tribes and nations and the policy of Islamic Republic is develop fair relations with others based on humanitarian principles. When governments and nations are consent with their rights, then, peace will find its Islamic and humane position. The key to achieve this according to Imam Khomeini is to consider the Quran as the criterion. These teachings introduced Imam Khomeini as a revivalist theoretician of peace and peaceful coexistence and also led to the creation of a set of rules and laws for realization of a society based on peace and peaceful coexistence. The objective of this research is to identify the approach to establishment of Islamic civilization based on peace and peaceful coexistence from the perspective of Imam Khomeini.
This main question of this research is: What is the position of Imam Khomeini about peace and peaceful coexistence and how can it lead to creation of Islamic revivalist movement?
The hypothesis: Imam Khomeini`s command of jurisprudence and his individual inference in understanding and extracting the principals of peaceful coexistence in the Quran, traditions, and his own practical experiences have presented a model for human society that can lead to a movement for establishment of a new Islamic civilization.
Analytical and descriptive method has been employed to study the hypothesis.