نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشیار علوم سیاسی دانشکده روابط بین الملل وزارت امور خارجه، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The methods of analyzing the history of the Islamic Revolution, especially by Western, Arab, counter-revolutionary and dissident writers, have been influenced by their mentality and their perception of the phenomenon of the Islamic Revolution as well as its developments and periods. Their reliance on their own subjective and perceptual understanding of the events for the historiography of the Islamic Revolution suggests that their stereotypes and mental frameworks, or their stigmas and their mental patterns, have undermined the data analysis and consequently disturbed their understanding of the realities and of objective changes of Iranian society and government after the Islamic Revolution. The pathological study of the analytical work of pessimist historians towards Islamic Revolution from epistemological and methodological angle reveals some deficiencies as follows: reductionism ( providing explanation to the reality in terms of smaller entities and through absolutist and dualistic “black and white” approach to political phenomena), the self-confirmation bias ( also called confirmatory bias or myside bias, in the sense of tendency to search for information in a way that confirms their own preexisting beliefs or mental assumptions rather than searching for historical realities), anachronism (in the sense of attributing the new analytical ideas to the historiography of the Islamic revolution beyond the actual time of the revolution), anatopism (in the sense of analyzing the Islamic Revolution out of its proper place, neglecting the historical and cultural particularities of Iranian society), contex to my (in the sense of quoting Islamic Revolution leaders out of context in order to depict false attribution through selective analysis of the text or of cut-off phrases by removing a passage from its surrounding phrases, in order to distort its intended meaning for critical specific purposes) and presentism (in the sense of historiography and interpretation of Islamic Revolution events in terms of modern values and concepts as well as evaluation of some periods of the Islamic revolution by critical adherence to present-day attitudes and today’s criteria of domestic and international society ). At the end of the article, the author explains and proposes a realistic analytical-synthetic approach for the historiography of the Islamic Revolution based on the interaction of the context, structure, process and agent and the horizontal-vertical synthesis.