نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
دانشجوی دورۀ دکتری تاریخ انقلاب اسلامی؛ پژوهشکدۀ امام خمینی(س) و انقلاب اسلامی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Although the main purpose of the 1962 Referendum was to legalize the reforms called the White Revolution, the opposition continued even after the referendum was held. In the meantime, Islamist opponents of the regime, who were led by Ayatollah Khomeini, from March 1963, were preparing themselves to confront the government more seriously. From March to June 1963, the Pahlavi regime through terror, unfounded promises and rumors tried to sow the seeds of discord among Ulama and Islamists, threatened the opponents, increased the threats by intelligence and law enforcement organizations and police forces and also pretended to be an advocate of religion by supporting the clerics and preachers who supported the regime to prevent the spread of opposition. But it did not succeed, especially, because of the determination and open opposition of Ayatollah Ayatollah Khomeini to the regime and hence oppositions gained momentum. Therefore, in the mid of the month of Muharram, social and political crisis became so threatening that the government had to forcefully suppress the dissidents.