عنوان مقاله [English]
In the study of history of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, it is important to examine and analyze institutions, groups and religious-political organizations that were involved in the process of the revolution. Among the disciplined organizations, there were also some militant Islamist groups. One of such groups was Hezbollah. This group was formed in 1967 in Tehran and was split in 1971 and finally while it was active in Tehran and several other cities it collapsed in 1972 with mass arrest of its members by the SAVAK. The present article employs descriptive and analytical method to provide answer to the following question: What was nature and structure of Hezbollah Group?" Hezbollah as immediate successor of Islamic Nations Party, looked for creating a transnational Islamic state through International Islamic Revolution based on armed struggle. In accordance with its strategy and policy, it adopted hierarchical organization. The group’s recruiting process in line with its organizational structure was not based a minimum knowledge of members of each other. In the educational program of Hezbollah, theoretical training (political and religious) was qualitatively and quantitatively more than military training. Lack of proper explanation of its ideological orientations in a coherent text was one of the greatest weaknesses of Hezbollah.